Yevgeny Romanovich Grishin (March 23, 1931 July 9 2005) was a Russian speedskater. He became European Champion in 1956, and won Olympic gold in the 500 meter and 1500 meter events in both 1956 and 1960 Winter Olympics (sharing the 1500 meter victories with respectively Yuri Mikhaylov and Roald Aas). Along with his compatriot Lidiya Skoblikova, he was the most successful athlete at the 1960 Winter Olympics.

Grishin was the first to break the 40 second barrier on the 500 m, skating 39.6 in a test race in Squaw Valley in 1960, just after the Winter Olympic Games at the same location. This result was not officially recognised as a world record. Three years later, on 2728 January 1963, he set officially ratified world records 39.6 and 39.5 at the Medeo track.